Commercial air conditioning systems work hard to cool small and large spaces in which employees and visitors may be coming and leaving frequently. To accommodate these factors, commercial AC units must be powerful, highly-efficient and available in a variety of sizes.
There are several main types of commercial air conditioning units, including single split systems, multi split systems, Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV) and Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) systems. To select the option best suited for your business, compare different units to find the right fit for your building and budget.
Commercial Air Conditioning Options
Building owners are responsible for keeping the property clean, hygienic and comfortable. Your commercial HVAC system plays a direct role in achieving this goal. One of the biggest differences between a commercial and residential air conditioning unit is size. Commercial AC units can be quite large and take up a lot of space. They also require more frequent maintenance than a residential AC unit.
When choosing a commercial air conditioning system, one aspect to consider which system is appropriate for your outside climate. The AC unit will need to be able to withstand the outdoor environment in your location. The proper AC unit should be large enough for the property and usage requirement. Another important factor for your decision will be the type of technology the AC unit uses, and whether or not it is Energy Star certified.
Single Split Systems
One of the most common commercial air conditioning units is the single split system. This affordable option is best suited for smaller commercial buildings, such as small offices, shops, restaurants or clinics. Single split systems are versatile as they can cool a single room or be used in multiples to cool a larger space.
A single split HVAC system typically consists of an air conditioner that is used to cool the refrigerant, as well as an evaporator coil that will convert the refrigerant and circulate air through the building’s vents. Single split AC systems have the benefit of being less expensive than central air systems. However, for each indoor air conditioning unit you have, you will also need an outdoor unit.
Multi Split Systems
Multi split systems are similar to single split systems with one main difference. While you need an outdoor unit for each indoor unit with a single split system, just one outdoor unit can connect up to nine indoor units with a multi split system. Multi split systems use inverter technology. This means that the unit is able to operate at various speeds. These more advanced air conditioning systems are an excellent choice for larger businesses that may need more cooling power.
There are multiple advantages to using a multi split system. With a traditional AC unit, the system is forced to turn on and off throughout the day as the unit senses that the temperature has raised above a certain point. Multi split AC systems use less energy as their sensors are able to detect smaller changes and can automatically adjust as needed. The biggest downside of multi split units is that they require more pipework which can result in a larger installation cost.
VRV or VRF Systems
In addition to single split and multi split commercial air conditioning units, building owners can also choose VRV or VRF systems. Both Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV) and Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) refer to the same main type of HVAC system and are often used interchangeably.
If you have a mid- to large-sized building that needs to be cooled, a VRF or VRV can be highly effective. There are two types of VRF/VRV including a heat pump and heat recovery system. A heat pump has the power to both heat and cool a building but not at the same time. Heat recovery systems can heat and cool a building simultaneously which can be useful if your building has small rooms. While there are many benefits that come with VRF/VRV systems, this type of AC unit may cost more to install.
Work with the New York City Commercial Air Conditioning Professionals
Choosing your commercial AC unit wisely ensures that it meets the unique needs of your business and budget. To learn more about the types of commercial air conditioning units available or to have a unit installed, call the NYC commercial air conditioning experts at Cool Works Co.