Commercial heating, ventilation and cooling systems are a major financial investment for business owners. According to HomeGuide, the average cost to install a commercial HVAC system in a recreational building is between $17 and $22 per square foot. The cost of installation in an office building is between $15 and $23 per square foot. Commercial HVAC systems may start around $4,000 and are influenced by a variety of factors, such as the equipment used, the cost of labor, and the type of system.
Factors That Influence The Cost Of A Commercial HVAC System
HVAC equipment and installation costs can change dramatically depending on factors specific to the location and the complexity of the installation. A clean and efficient HVAC system is essential for every business but it is important to be aware of the costs involved. In some cases, an outdated HVAC system can be replaced with new equipment without the need for new ductwork which can keep costs lower. However, a new or damaged building may require all new ductwork which can noticeably increase the final bill. Here are several important factors that can impact the cost of a commercial HVAC system.
The Size & Condition Of The Building
It makes sense that larger buildings will require a more powerful HVAC system. If a heating or cooling unit is too small, it will have to work harder to heat or cool the building creating an excess strain on the system and reducing its expected lifespan. However, larger is not always better; a system that is too large for a building can result in poor humidity control, uneven temperature, and loss of efficiency. The condition of the building also impacts cost. Older buildings without proper insulation can make it difficult to maintain a comfortable temperature which increases the need for a more powerful HVAC system.
The Brand & Grade Of The HVAC System
One of the first things that most people notice when shopping for HVAC systems is the brand. Some brands are more widely known and have a reputation for quality equipment and great customer service. These brands generally cost more than lesser-known HVAC brands.
The grade of the system will also directly impact the cost. HVAC systems are characterized by their Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) rating. This number is determined by measuring the cooling output and the energy input of a unit, during a season. Units with a high SEER rating are considered more energy efficient.
The Type Of The HVAC System
Most HVAC units operate using natural gas, oil or electricity. Gas is a natural resource supplied by local utility companies through a supply pipe installed in the building. Oil units burn fuel oil which is typically delivered in bulk by a local supplier. Electric HVAC units use electricity to power heating and cooling units. Since electricity does not burn fuel, there is no carbon monoxide output of exhaust gases.
Another option is geothermal heat pumps. Geothermal systems provide the most efficient type of heating but can be costly to install. This type of system requires a series of pipes that must be installed into the ground, submerged into a water source, and use geothermal energy as a heat source.
The Complexity Of The Installation
There is no one right HVAC system for every business. Some small or medium heating and cooling units can be costly due to the complexity of the installation. For example, if an HVAC installer has to enter a small space, such as a crawl space, to install the system, the cost is going to be higher compared to a system that can be installed in an open environment. Extra precautions must also be taken by the HVAC installer as those systems installed in crawl spaces may often be exposed to the elements.
Requirements Of The Ductwork
The presence of existing ductwork can often impact the cost of a new HVAC system. If there is no ductwork in the building, building owners will have to take into account the cost of new materials and labor. If the existing ductwork has air leaks or other forms of damage, it will likely need to be replaced or repaired to ensure that the new system is efficient. These additional expenses are in addition to the installation cost of the unit.
Reach Out To Professional Commercial HVAC Contractors
Commercial HVAC systems can vary considerably due to factors such as brand, size, efficiency rating, and type of system. When installed by a licensed professional and well-maintained, a commercial HVAC system can last up to 15 years or more. To learn more about the cost of a new commercial HVAC system or to speak with a professional HVAC contractor, reach out to the commercial HVAC experts at Cool Works Co.